Constructing a portfolio

Mar 11, 2022 | Articles, Stock Market 101

You wouldn’t throw a whole load of random ingredients into a bowl and expect a cake. An investment portfolio is no different.


A key determinant of successful long-term investing is about finding the ap-propriate assets that match your risk profile and that will place you on a path to achieving your goals, as well as then having the discipline and patience to wait for the strategy to pay off.

Wealth preservation is an important component of this comprehensive financial planning, and the need to attach goals to your investment, retirement, and savings strategies.

A financial road map or framework can encompass how to get you there.  This framework would list your assets in various categories, such as business assets, lifestyle assets, wealth preservation assets, and surplus assets.

Your business assets are those that provide you with your income, your salary, or what is generated from your business or professional practice.

Lifestyle assets are those that enable you to sustain your lifestyle, and includes your permanent home, possible holiday homes, and vehicles.  Reducing the short- and long-term debt associated to these assets should be a priority.

Wealth preservation assets are those assets that come into play when your business assets no longer contribute.

What wealth protection and preservation does, is fill up your bucket.  When your business and lifestyle assets begin to deplete, this is when your wealth preservation assets should kick in.

This includes provisions made to look after your loved ones after you die, estate planning, and having a signed and dated will—as well as critical illness cover, and income replacement.  These are important factors in holistic financial planning, and can provide much-needed peace of mind for you and your family.

Last within this financial framework are surplus assets, which are possibly more relevant to higher net individuals, and are those assets you can speculate with.  This is money you can afford to lose, money you can risk, or money you would like other people to benefit from (such as a charity or a trust).

Setting and achieving goals, and maintaining a certain standard of life, have become investment priorities for many.  Accordingly, financial advisors on the whole are moving away from assessing if clients have enough to be financially secure, to assessing whether they will be happy.

Happiness is being recognised as a key factor to not only survive, but to thrive.

Research in this area has identified three key trends that drive happiness.  This includes having meaningful relationships, especially for those over the age of 50.  In fact, this is the single biggest factor that determines your life expectancy.  Other trends include rewarding experiences, and a sense of purpose.

Factoring in the drivers to happiness also plays a part in planning and securing your wealth goals.  The question is, how do you bring these complex elements of holistic financial planning together?

Herein comes the importance of a credible financial adviser, someone who understands your unique goals and challenges and is able to advise and manage all these facets holistically.

It is crucial when finding a financial adviser that you not only ask about their certifications and qualifications, but also to ask more about the type of clients they work with, and how they define their measurement of success.

The bottom line is that life changes – and we survive and thrive, and we adapt.  This is also how we should think about our financial planning.  It needs to be flexible enough to change as life events happen, and be planned in a way that unexpected life events don’t disrupt our goals.

Daphne Rampersad is Liberty’s investment advice lead.